Friday, 27 June 2014

development of animation

joseph plateau was a physicist from belgium. He was the first person to demonstrate the illusion of a moving image. in order to do this he used counter rotating disks with repeating drawn images in small increments of motion on one and regularly spaced slits in the other. Joseph Plateau called this device the phenakistoscope.

Emile Reynaud was a french inventor and was responsible for the first projected animated cartoons. he created the Praxinoscope in 1877. The praxinoscope is an animation device which uses a strip of pictures placed around the inner surface of a spinning cylinder.

edweard mutbridge - speculation raged for years over wether all four hooves of a running hourse left the ground. people believed the did, but the motion was too fast for human eyes to detect. muybridge began experimenting with an array of 12 cameras photographing a galloping horse in a sequence of shots. the first results proved that all four hooves did come off the floor. between 1878 and 1884 muybridge perfected his motion of horses proving that all four hooves come off the floor.

Thomas Edison invented the kinetoscope. The Kinetoscope is an early motion picture exhibition device. The Kinetoscope was designed for films to be viewed by one individual at a time through a peephole viewer window at the top of the device. The Kinetoscope was not a movie projector but introduced the basic approach that would become the standard for all cinematic projection before the advent of video, by creating the illusion of movement by conveying a strip of perforated film bearing sequential images over a light source with a high-speed shutter

The lumiere brothers, French inventors and pioneer manufacturers of photographic equipment who created an early motion picture camera and projector called the cinematographe. 

George Pal was born in hungarian and was an american animator and film producer who worked in the science fiction genre he was nominated for loads of academy awards and recieved a honorary award in 1944. This makes him the second most nominated exile.

Willis Harold Obrien was an American motion picture special effects and a stop motion pioneer who managed to produced some of the best known images created in cinema history. In 1950 Willis Harold Obrien won an academy award for best visual effects.

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